What is Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder. It can be understood as a condition due to elevated blood glucose levels. It can be caused by:
1.  Body’s resistance to insulin action
2.  Insufficient insulin secretion from the pancreas
3.  Or both of the above.

Classification of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes can be commonly classified into 3 types:

1. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
A condition that results from deficiency or absence of insulin in the blood. It is common for both adults and children to develop this stage of diabetes. Some auto-immune diseases may cause type 1 diabetes. The body’s immune system attacking its organs is generally termed an auto-immune condition.

Another major factor for type 1 diabetes is genetics.

There are other unknown causes for type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar level and inject insulin without which life-threatening complications can arise.

2. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? It is a frequently asked question. Type 2 diabetes is the common form of diabetes. Also, it is more commonly found in adults.

It happens when the body does not respond to the insulin produced. It can also occur when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. Insulin is needed for the cells to properly absorb glucose from the blood.

There is no cure for this condition but with a proper lifestyle, it can be put into remission.
3. Gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes develops with high glucose levels in the blood during pregnancy. It can create health complications for both mother and the child. But it usually disappears after pregnancy. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future is very high for both mother and child.

Diabetes can cause damage to the functions of the liver, kidney, nerves, eyes, feet, skin, and even mental health. It is a disease that is extensively studied in modern medicine as well as in Ayurveda. To fight diabetes it is important to understand the symptoms.

How do you feel when blood sugar is high?
Symptoms of diabetes are often overlooked. So how do you feel when blood sugar is high. The below are the general symptoms of diabetes.
1.    Constant hunger
2.   Thirst
3.   Rapid weight loss
4.   Frequent urination
5.   Unhealed wounds
6.   Issues with eyesight
7.   Fatigue
8.   Erectile dysfunction
9.   Loss of muscle strength
10. Itchy skin
11. Yeast infection

These are the major symptoms of symptoms for diabetes type 2 and type 1. But this is not true for gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes does not have many visible symptoms. It is usually detected during routine tests.

Diabetes is one of the major health concerns that increase blood sugar levels. A series of lethal health complications manifest with diabetes. Diabetes has no cure. So how to decrease blood sugar? Changes in the lifestyle vital for controlling diabetes and blood sugar level. Consuming low-carb food, regular exercise, proper medication, timely sugar checks, etc. are to be followed regularly. Diabetes is avidly discussed in almost all forms of medicine. Understanding the causes of diabetes and starting a healthy lifestyle can help you avoid diabetes up to an extent.

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